Why Kids Should Learn a Language

Why Kids Should Learn a Language

By Kaelan O’Fallon

Let’s talk foreign languages. Sure, it would be nice to know one, but is it really that important? Read on to find out.
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The Science

Brain scans have shown the bilingual people have more grey matter in the regions of the brain involved in executive function. Changes in cognitive patterns can be seen as early as infancy. According to EFL Lecturer Anne Merritt, “speaking a foreign language improves the functionality of your brain by challenging it to recognise, negotiate meaning, and communicate in different language systems.” Translation: it makes you smarter.

The act of using one’s brain to learn a new language has numerous benefits.  It can improve memory and perception, reduce age-related cognitive decline, and improve skills is one’s native language. Additionally, it can even reduce anxiety accompanied with decision-making, as indicated by a study published in Psychological Science.

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The Nudge

Kids’ brains are like sponges, eager to soak up new information. Therefore, it’s best to get kids started on learning a new language while they are young (but know it’s never too late to reap the benefits of challenging your brain). It would be ideal to enroll kids in formal classes where they can completely learn the new language. Having your children spend time with a bilingual friend or relative is another fun idea. But if these aren’t an option for you, try this nudge to get started:

  • First, choose a language. A good idea is to choose one that will come in handy in everyday life. For example, if you live in an area with a high Spanish-speaking population, or you have Hispanic relatives, Spanish would be a good choice.
  • Next, write common words from your chosen language on sticky notes
  • Place the notes on corresponding objects throughout your home. Seeing these on a regular basis will subconsciously reinforce the knowledge that porta means “door” in Italian, or that pomme means “apple” in French.

These little bits of knowledge will add up over time, helping your kids to be a bit smarter and a bit more ready to take on the world.